Agrobiodiversity

Most of the Shkrel park area, at least outside the rocky lands in the southwest where the aromatic plants have recently been cultivated, has been used in a very traditional way over the generations. Even until very recent years, modern methods of agriculture, gardening, forestry, livestock raising, processing and trading have not changed the traditional livelihoods or the economy of the area. The natural conditions of this area are quite unfavorable for any form of industrial methods or for more efficient methods of land use. Agricultural fields and gardens tend to occupy very small surfaces, forests are located in very steep or remote areas, water resources are very rare, and livestock quantities are small.

This is a place where traditional methods of land use and local varieties of agricultural and domestic crops are still alive and well. Among the most popular native breeds is the local sheep (Shkodran sheep). Visitors to the park often want to taste the meat this local sheep breed.
A limited number of local species, such as the Busha cow, has survived. In Vrith village, however, visitors can meet a local breed of swine called pullaliu i Shkodrës.

Some typical species found in Shkrel MNP are:

Chestnut (Castanea sativa L.) A species of great importance for the village of Reç. Chestnuts from this area are famous for their sweet taste and are gathered by locals and visitors between the months of September and November. Some trees are more than 300 years old and are considered a treasure not only for Reç, but for the whole of Malesia e Madhe region. Because of its importance, the Albanian government declared the Reç Chestnut a natural monument back in 1974.

Sage (Salvia officinalis) Sherebela, as the locals call it, is a very common plant found throughout the park area that is both cultivated or found wild within rocky habitats. It blossoms from May to July. Sage is widely used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries, but is also brewed as tea as home remedy to sore throat.

Rrezaki Grape (Vitis vinifera) A grape variety that has been cultivated in the Shkrel area for many generations. It is a high-yield fruit that can be found in the courtyards of most houses in Reç village. Since the grapes are relatively large, local families use them to produce juice and raki.